There are designers who have learnt to program, and their work is something in between product design and robotics, or even art, others work in restaurants collaborating with chefs or with scientists or doctors in a laboratory... Graphic designers use every day more 3D, photography and also programming to develop things that are much more dynamic (apps, videos, animation, etc.) than the graphic design of 30 years ago. It happened the same with fashion, new textiles and technologies are making possible the development of wearables, smart clothes that have many more functionalities than the traditional ones, and fashion designers have a lot to say there.
The integration of technology in almost every aspect of our lives is one of the main trends that any design learning program should include, but sustainability and social responsibility are probably even more important. They are actually having an enormous influence in consumer behaviour, and this situation will grow. This is said in the most renowned trend/design reports like Nelly Rodi or David Carsson report and you can see the influence even in sectors as automotive, fashion or packaging. It's a big change, and designers -in collaboration with environmentalists, engineers, etc.- are the ones who can apply these criteria in a more natural and integrated way.
The third tool that we think every designer should have nowadays besides the traditional design skills is business. There are lots of designers/makers selling directly their creations in collaboration of artisans or little suppliers, something that has traditionally happened in fashion but maybe not as much in product or in graphic design. This makes more necessary to have a business vision that it's also helpful in case you are part of a bigger organisation. Design is now inside the management boards of the most innovative companies in the world -the typical example is Apple, but even companies that offer services are using design and designers as a decision tool-, and has become something strategic and never more something only just aesthetic or superficial, that in our opinion it never was!